Lesson 2
Name Parts as Fractions
Warmup: Which One Doesn’t Belong: Shaded Parts (10 minutes)
Narrative
This warmup prompts students to compare four rectangles that have been partitioned and partially shaded. It gives students a reason to use language precisely (MP6). It gives the teacher an opportunity to hear how students use terminology and talk about the characteristics of the items and the quantities they represent. During the synthesis, ask students to explain the meaning of any terminology they use, such as partition, equal parts, halves, and thirds.
Launch
 Groups of 2
 Display the image.
 “Pick one that doesn’t belong. Be ready to share why it doesn’t belong.”
 1 minute: quiet think time
Activity
 “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
 2–3 minutes: partner discussion
 Share and record responses.
Student Facing
Which one doesn’t belong?
Student Response
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Activity Synthesis
 “Can we label the parts with fractions? Why or why not?” (We can label the parts in A, B, and D with fractions because they are equal in size, but not in C because the parts aren’t the same size.)
 “What do we call the parts in A, B, and D?” (“Halves” in A and D, and “thirds” in B.)
 “What fractions do we use to label the parts in A, B, and D?” (\(\frac{1}{2}\) in A and D, and \(\frac{1}{3}\) in B.)
 Consider asking: “Let’s find at least one reason why each one doesn’t belong.”
Activity 1: Partition the Strips (15 minutes)
Narrative
The purpose of this activity is for students to practice partitioning and labeling equalsized parts with unit fractions. This provides students a physical tool they can use throughout the unit to make sense of fractions.
Have students keep their fractions strips to use in future lessons. Consider having students glue the fraction strips in their workbook.
When students make halves, fourths, and eighths they observe regularity in repeated reasoning as each piece is subdivided into 2 equal pieces. They observe the same relationship between thirds and sixths (MP8).
Supports accessibility for: Organization, Attention
Required Materials
Materials to Copy
 Partition the Strips
Required Preparation
 Use the blackline master to create one set of 6 equalsized strips for each student.
Launch
 Groups of 2
 Give each student one set of 6 equalsized strips.
 “Today we are going to make fraction strips.”
 Demonstrate how to fold a strip into two halves. Emphasize that all the strips should be folded to make vertical partitions as shown in student responses.
Activity
 “Take a few minutes to fold each strip so that the parts represent halves, thirds, fourths, sixths, or eighths. Use one strip for each fraction.”
 “Mark your folding lines with a pencil, and then label each part with the correct fraction.”
 5–7 minutes: independent work time
 Monitor for students who fold their strips into fourths, sixths, and eighths by folding halves, thirds, and fourths, respectively, in half.
 “Share how you partitioned your strips and how you labeled the parts with your partner.”
 2–3 minutes: partner discussion
Student Facing
Your teacher will give you some paper strips. Each strip represents 1.
Fold each strip so that the parts represent one of the following fractions. Use one strip for each fraction.
 halves
 fourths
 eighths
 thirds
 sixths
When you finish folding, trace your folding lines with a pencil and then label each part with the correct fraction.
Student Response
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Activity Synthesis
 Invite students to display their partitioned strips. Keep a full set of fraction strips displayed.
 Ask previously identified students to share how they fold their strips to get 4, 6, and 8 equal parts.
 If not apparent from students' explanations, highlight that fourths, sixths, and eighths can be found by partitioning each half, third, and fourth, respectively, into two equal parts.
Activity 2: Partition, Shade, Trade (20 minutes)
Narrative
Previously, students partitioned rectangular pieces of paper into 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 equal parts by folding. The purpose of this activity is for students to partition rectangles by drawing and continue to practice naming the parts with the unit fractions \(\frac{1}{2}\), \(\frac{1}{3}\), \(\frac{1}{4}\), \(\frac{1}{6}\), and \(\frac{1}{8}\). It’s important that students try to make the parts as close to equalsized as they can, but student drawings do not need to be exact. After they practice partitioning, students partition and shade, but don’t label, a fraction on a rectangle, then trade with a partner to determine the fraction their partner has shaded. The synthesis focuses on how to name a single equal part, such as one sixth, rather than talking about all the equal parts in a shape, such as sixths. This will be helpful as students use nonunit fractions to name multiple equal parts in the next lesson.
Advances: Speaking, Representing
Launch
 Groups of 2
Activity
 “Work with your partner to complete the first problem. Partition each rectangle and label each part.”
 5–7 minutes: partner work time
 For each rectangle, have a group share how they partitioned the rectangle into equalsized parts and what fraction they used to label each part.
 “Complete part a of the next problem on your own. Partition the rectangle and shade to show a fraction, but don’t label it. Don’t tell your partner how you are partitioning or what number you are showing.”
 2 minutes: independent work time
 “Now, trade rectangles with your partner and answer the next part of the problem using their rectangle. When you are both finished, share your reasoning.”
 1–2 minutes: independent work time
 1–2 minutes: partner work time
Student Facing

Partition each rectangle into halves, thirds, fourths, sixths, and eighths. Then label each part with the correct fraction.
halves
thirds
fourths
sixths
eighths


Partition the rectangle into equalsized parts. Shade one of the parts.
 Trade rectangles with a partner. If the whole rectangle is 1, what number represents the shaded part? Explain your reasoning.

Student Response
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Activity Synthesis
 Have 2–3 students display their shaded rectangles.
 For each rectangle, ask, “How did you know what fraction of the rectangle your partner shaded?” (I counted the equal parts in the rectangle. There were four equal parts, so I knew my partner shaded a fourth.)
Lesson Synthesis
Lesson Synthesis
Display a rectangle with each part labeled with the unit fraction and a rectangle shaded to show the unit fraction, such as:
sixths
one sixth or \(\frac{1}{6}\)
“How do you know the first diagram shows sixths?” (It has six equal parts.)
“Why do you think the second diagram is labeled one sixth?” (Only 1 of the six parts is shaded, so it’s just one of the sixths. We are focusing on one of the sixths.)
“The first diagram shows sixths because the rectangle is partitioned into six equal parts. Each part is one sixth. The second diagram shows one sixth because there are six equal parts and we are describing how many parts are shaded. In this case, one of the parts is shaded.”
Cooldown: Label the Parts (5 minutes)
CoolDown
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